Located in Central Persia, the city of Kashan created antique carpets whose best pieces are among the most important of the refined city carpets of the “Second Golden Age of Persian Weaving.” The Kashan rugs of the 19th century and turn of the 20th century are the direct legacy of the first Golden Age of Persian Weaving, brought about by the artistic patronage of Shah Abbas, in the 16th and early 17th centuries. “The 18th century saw little if any production, but towards the end of the 19th century weaving was reintroduced to the city by merchants hoping to emulate the success of the newly established Tabriz workshops” (Middleton, Michael, Rugs & Carpets: Techniques, Traditions & Designs. Mitchell Beazley, London, 1996, p.103).
The antique Kashan rugs are extremely tightly knotted formal, richly continental and definitively complement a traditional decor. “The quality of …Kashan weavings is high, and sometimes exquisite rugs were made. Rugs and carpets were closely woven using a cotton foundation with a Persian knot. The thin double weft is often a pale blue color and the wool is incredibly soft and lustrous…By the early 1900s the weavers of Kashan had mastered the curvilinear designs that are now recognized as typical of Kashan weaving” (ibid, p.103).
For example, the resplendent turn of the 20th century antique Kashan carpet to the right features superlative workmanship and incredibly fine knotting. This stunning Kashan rug has the distinctive attributes of Dabir, one of the city’s finest workshop, and is in magnificent, full pile condition. Enlivened by lustrous wool, its crisp, lyrical design, faithfully echoing the 16th century Safavid tradition, integrates an astounding amount of detail and myriad hues of color. This creates tremendous fluidity in both the field and border. The traditional brick red and blue palette is interpreted in alluringly soft values of muted brick and a tonal sapphire to azure range.